Here you have a small summary of the analysis of the situation of cultural heritage and interventions in public spaces in Romania. In the e-Book of the project you will find more information about it.
Cultural heritage is defined by the legislation in force in Romania as being “formed by all the goods which represent an evidence and an expression of national values, beliefs, knowledge and traditions, no matter whose property they are.” (Law no. 182/2000). Legislation of cultural heritage in Romania extends to the following categories, defined by law: archaeology, historical monuments, museums, movable heritage and immaterial heritage.
Despite the existence of all these formal frameworks, all categories of the cultural heritage of Romania were the victim of private economic growth and expansion. National and foreign investors arrived and settled their companies in the country at whatever price. They needed offices, headquarters, storage, factories, land, modern but still classy buildings, and corruption made it all happen, without any heritage protection movement being able to keep up the rhythm and the competition with money. Archaeological heritage sites were discovered and forgotten while foundations for factories were dug out. Unforgettable facades were erased in central, old town quarters of every culturally valuable city all over Romania. The situation went on until 2008 when the economic crisis kicked in and stopped the rush that resulted in the nation losing its heritage built by grandparents, great-grandparent, or even more distant ancestors. One of the most recent examples was the mosaic facade of Patria Cinema in Oradea that has been ruined due to modernisation.
The town of Sacueni has more than ten registered cultural heritage sites starting from the bronze era to the end of the 18th century, including natural, archaeological sites and buildings. These are enlisted in the official cultural heritage registry of Bihor County. However, neither at regional level, nor at local level, is there any additional information concerning the accessibility or protection of these areas and estates
There are uncountable “items” of immaterial cultural heritage related to all the seasonal activities that are characteristic of any society that makes/made a living from agricultural activities. All seasonal field work with crops, vegetables, grape yards and orchards was done by members of large families using their hands. This lifestyle resulted in specific social structures, hierarchies, as well as the creation of songs, melodies or sayings. For example, there was a certain way of storing own grown tobacco leaves to preserve their quality, or there were rhymes for children teaching them the steps of cutting, splitting the crops and the sheaves. This went on for hundreds of years until the industrial revolution started and spread, reaching the more traditional countries or regions, transforming lives.
Regarding the use of public space in Romania, legislation requires to announce open public space events to different state institutions depending on the size of your event, the space or territory the event needs and the expected number people involved. Legislation is not shaped to make the organizational process harder as it supports the safety and protection of the community. However, the negative aspect is the way the legislation is implemented and the large amount of required paperwork. Bigger events (large infrastructure, many attendees, longer) must be announced minimum 30 days before so that the necessary emergency rules, measurements, etc. can be included in a dossier. In case of smaller events, asking for approval with minimum 7 days before the event is enough. In the case of Sacueni, as it is a small community, local police, city hall and all the emergency services are supportive.